The problem of recycling old cars is quite acute around the world. Not many people know where to give scrap cars for cash near me. What is recycling? The owner surrenders his or her car to a collection point, where technical fluids are removed from the car, the car is dismantled, parts are sorted by type of material and sent for further recycling or burial.
One would think that only old, broken-down or worn-out vehicles should be recycled, but that is not entirely true; in developed countries, relatively new vehicles are also sent for recycling, since long-term use leads to component wear and tear, which results in increased environmental pollution. In addition, progress does not stand still, and every year they create more and more environmentally friendly cars.
The lifespan of automobiles differs from country to country. For example, in Western European countries, such as Great Britain and France, this figure is about 7-8 years, in the Baltic States it is about 12. In Luxemburg the average age of cars is the smallest among all European countries: a little less than 4 years, but the world record belongs to Saudi Arabia, the youngest cars there, their average age is a little more than 3 years. In the U.S. this figure is about 10-11 years, in Russia it is 12, in Ukraine it is 19-20 years, and in Cuba – as much as 38!
In different countries there are special programs for stimulating population to get rid of used vehicles in time. These include a sharp increase in tax for vehicles older than a certain age, and offering the opportunity to buy a new car at a discount for a motorist who returns his vehicle for recycling. In some countries, the recycling fee is paid while purchasing a car, so the car is accepted for recycling for free. This is reported in all car dealerships, and on many advertising signs, recycling tax is indicated as a separate item of expenditure. In Belgium and a number of other countries, the future recycling fee is part of the road tax.
In Europe and the United States, the problem of recycling old cars is the responsibility of the manufacturer, not the owner. In Germany, car plants are required to use materials that are 95% recyclable when assembling cars. For example, Mercedes-Benz marks with a special sign the parts that can be reused after recycling and puts a mark indicating the type of raw materials.
There is a network of car recycling centers in France: there should be at least 7 recycling centers for 1.5 million people. This network is supported by car manufacturers. For late delivery of the car for recycling there is a large fine, and in some cases even imprisonment. There is a similar center in the Netherlands, where the record recycling rate is 96.2%.
In the “third world” countries, the situation with car recycling is much worse. In India, for example, as of early 2018, there was not a single recycling plant, but the authorities, together with Mahindra Intertrade, India’s oldest engineering concern, planned to open the first facility in March 2018.
There are no more than a dozen auto recycling plants in Russia, and they are mostly located in the central part of the country, so there are still a lot of rotten, environmentally destructive old cars on the streets of communities.
The timely recycling of cars is an important task for all countries, which both world powers and less developed countries are trying to solve. But not only governments and car manufacturers are responsible for a favorable environmental situation, people themselves should be more conscious of this issue and get rid of their “car junk” in time.