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Hybrid car: hybrid powertrain schemes, advantages and disadvantages, development prospects

A hybrid car is a vehicle that is equipped with different types of engines – electric and gasoline engines. At the same time, each of the installed engines is provided for its specific purpose. Thus, for slow driving or idling, the car uses an electric motor; for the development of high speed, it uses a gasoline engine. If your hybrid car has reached the end of its useful life or has been damaged in an accident, write here: https://scrapmycarnear.me.

Powertrain diagrams

The powertrain diagrams in hybrid cars determine the variant of interaction between the electric motor and the gasoline engine. There are three powertrain schemes: parallel, serial and series-parallel. Let us consider each of them in more detail.

Parallel scheme

The electric motor and gasoline engine are connected to the wheels of the car, which makes it possible to use them both simultaneously and separately. This is possible through the use of controlled couplings that connect the two types of engine to the gearbox. This scheme is characterized by ease of use and affordability.

Often the parallel circuit is used in hybrid cars Honda, BMW, Volkswagen, Hyundai.

Sequential scheme

In this scheme of installations, the car is started by the electric motor, but the gasoline engine is connected exclusively to the generator for the timely feeding of the electric battery. In other words, the gasoline engine feeds the electric motor, which in turn starts the rotation of the wheels.

The sequential arrangement is used in Chevrolet and Opel hybrid cars. Servicing of Chevrolet, as well as other brands can be done at MaDCaT Customs car service.

Series-parallel scheme

Such a scheme of installations implies the possibility to connect two types of engines and wheels by means of a planetary reduction gear. In the series-parallel scheme, a generator is additionally installed, which provides power to the electric motor.

The scheme is implemented in Toyota hybrid cars.

History of hybrid cars

The first hybrid car was developed in 1900 by the designer F. Porsche. In the USA in the middle of the last century the development of hybrid car models was carried out by the designer W. Wouk.

The advantages of a hybrid car

Hybrid cars have many advantages that set them apart from other vehicles.

Hybrids are more economical than their traditional gasoline counterparts. Fuel savings can be as high as 30%.

Vehicles produce fewer exhaust gases while using the gasoline engine wisely.

Hybrid cars are not inferior to traditional cars in their performance characteristics.

The electric motors of hybrids are more advanced than those of electric cars, which makes them cost-effective to operate.

The car can provide more mileage compared to traditional vehicles and electric cars.

Hybrids can be used as electric vehicles in urban environments.

Disadvantages of a hybrid car

Like any other type of vehicle, though, hybrids also have clear disadvantages.

Problems related to the proper and safe disposal of batteries. The issue of recycling such batteries remains one of the paramount issues in the production of hybrids.

The inflated cost of the battery used in a hybrid vehicle, with its limited lifespan.

Hybrids are expensive to repair and maintain compared to traditional vehicles.

The complex design of the vehicles does not allow for self-repair, which makes them more expensive to operate.

Prospects for the development of hybrid cars

Despite the disadvantages, the market for hybrid cars is growing every year. Manufacturers are constantly working to modernize the batteries and vehicle design in general, resulting in lower costs and longer life of hybrids.

There are models with turbine propulsion systems, the efficiency of which can reach 70-75%. An interesting and quite promising direction is the development of hybrid cars equipped with steam turbines, which will allow the use of different types of fuel.

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